Skretting Sustainability Report 2022

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Progress through collaboration

Engaging with internal and external stakeholders is key to ensuring we invest the right focus and effort in continuous improvement and dealing with the complex issues that face the future of sustainable food.

We asked some of our customers and other stakeholders to share their sustainability journey. Sharing knowledge and experience guides our sustainability efforts to ensure we can make the maximum impact in the areas in which we operate.

AquaVision: With united action, aquaculture can overcome its biggest challenges

Once again in 2022, AquaVision was held in Stavanger. AquaVision is the global aquaculture business conference that is organised biennially by Skretting and Nutreco. Attended by industry leaders and changemakers from across the world, AquaVision 2022 represented the 14th edition of the event – held 26 years after the first.

Setting the scene, Keynote Speaker Professor Joseph Stiglitz, the Nobel Prize-winning economist, insisted that some of the main sources of the global food supply have not lived up to the fundamental requirement of providing sufficient products for the world population to consume in a stable and resilient way. In this regard, AquaVision attendees heard first-hand how aquaculture faces the triple-headline challenge of huge population growth, climate change and social impacts. They also learned why it is imperative that all production systems are enabled to collectively produce vast quantities of additional food that is both climate-friendly and that makes more positive contributions to human well-being.

Nutreco CEO Fulco van Lede told AquaVision 2022 that sustainably feeding the ever-growing world population is a challenge that no single organisation could, or should, face alone. Instead, he said the required “blue food” supply growth rates can only come from committed collaborations that span the entire value chain. 

Van Lede advocated that transparency, trust and accountability are essential requirements from all stakeholders and also that the value chain is far stronger when it is united in its actions.

“Our story has to be about collaboration, and about showing that, if we want to drive transformational changes for our industry, we must work closer together as suppliers, feed producers, farming companies, NGOs, certification bodies and other relevant stakeholders across the value chain. We know that we have not done enough and that we must do more – better and faster,” he said.

The AquaVision 2022 programme also included guest speakers from the Monetary Authority of Singapore, IKEA, Mintel Group, AKVA Group, SalMar Aker Ocean, Glunashrimp, Mayank Aquaculture and Lattice Consulting.

Passing the mic

Below, we share insights from many of our different stakeholders and collaborators. Here’s a preview:

Wolfgang Harten, General Manager, Grupo Almar

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Eduardo Soler Licenses and Sustainability AVRAMA

Eduardo Soler, Licenses and Sustainability, AVRAMAR

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Tore Eliassen Head of Sustainable Development Cermaq Group

Tore Eliassen, Head of Sustainable Development, Cermaq Group

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Árni M. Mathiesen Independent Chair Global Roundtable on Marine Ingredients

Árni M. Mathiesen, Independent Chair, Global Roundtable on Marine Ingredients

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Libby Woodhatch Executive Chair MarinTrust Governing Body Committee

Libby Woodhatch, Executive Chair, MarinTrust Governing Body Committee

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Dan Lee Standards Coordinator Global Seafood Alliance

Dan Lee, Standards Coordinator, Global Seafood Alliance

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Carlos Montero Castaño Senior Fisheries Program Manager Pathways & Small Pelagics Program Development Team Marine Stewardship Council

Carlos Montero Castaño, Senior Fisheries Program Manager, Pathways & Small Pelagics Program Development Team, Marine Stewardship Council

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Emese van Maanen Managing Director ProTerra Foundation

Emese van Maanen, Managing Director, ProTerra Foundation

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Alexandra Warrington Senior Coordinator Feed Standard Aquaculture Stewardship Counci

Alexandra Warrington, Senior Coordinator Feed Standard, Aquaculture Stewardship Council

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Almar portrait photo

Championing ‘purposeful’ production in Ecuador

Ecuador’s sizeable, fast-growing, and strategically located shrimp industry has a key role to play in meeting the world’s rising requirement for protein. Grupo Almar wants to be part of the solution, and as one of Ecuador’s largest producers, it’s a responsibility that we intend to live up to through our commitment to what we call “purposeful aquaculture”, which involves implementing positive, far-reaching actions across our operations so that future generations may benefit.

In this regard, and one area in which we’ve already led the way, is in making sure that the people who work at Almar have good working conditions. Unfortunately, this still isn’t a given in this part of the world, but for us, it’s mandatory. The accommodations and facilities we provide are of very high standards. This results in more committed employees; and employees are an integral part of what we are building. It’s the Almar way.

Another aspect of our approach is working closely with the communities where we are present; we recognise that local stakeholder involvement on various programmes is crucial to our long-term success.

Through collaborative initiatives with other industry stakeholders, including Skretting Ecuador, we’re now seeking pathways to accelerate these sustainability efforts in 2023 and beyond.
Avramar portrait photo with transparent background

Sustainability is a priority

Aquaculture must drive the blue transformation in alignment with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals and the European Green Deal, and as an essential part of the European blue economy.

Being aware of this challenge, sustainability has become a priority for AVRAMAR, and this is reflected in all our functional areas and our entire value chain. Aquaculture must drive the blue transformation in alignment with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals and the European Green Deal, and as an essential part of the European blue economy. Being aware of this challenge, sustainability has become a priority for AVRAMAR, and this is reflected in all our functional areas and our entire value chain. 

This priority is a direct result of an increasing social awareness reflected in:

  • Increasing demands from our customers
  • The inclusion of sustainability criteria in the risk evaluation of financial operations
  • An increasingly demanding European regulatory framework

In this setting, we are facing five challenges that extend to the whole aquaculture sector:

  1. Ensuring the use of sustainable raw materials in the feed, and reducing the dependency of protein from extractive origins
  2. Improving animal welfare, especially during harvest
  3. Applying preventive measures and vaccines in order to reduce the use of antibiotics
  4. Reducing the use of plastics
  5. Replacing fossil fuel

Taking all these factors into consideration, feed is a key element in our commitment towards sustainability. Therefore, we make strict demands to our providers, such as the sourcing of raw materials with certificate of origin and the development of formulations that include novel ingredients. This is why our close collaboration with Skretting is crucial, as their strong R&D expertise allows them to adapt their feed to our sustainability needs.

Cermaq portrait photo with transparent background

The need for transparency

Cermaq Group AS is a leading global producer of aquaculture salmonids. With headquarters in Oslo, Norway, Cermaq has operations in Chile, Canada and Norway, and sales around the world.

As we are growing aquaculture to meet the need for low carbon footprint proteins, we focus on growing together with stakeholders where we operate. Our feed partners are essential to the positive development of salmon farming, and we will engage with them to ensure that we create strong solutions throughout our value chain.

The emissions from feed ingredients and production are the highest source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in our value chain. Therefore, understanding of the emissions from our feed is crucial both to setting a climate emissions target and to achieving that climate target. In particular, tracking and reporting the emissions from feed on an annual basis is a key part of understanding how to reduce our emissions. In close partnerships with our feed suppliers and with shared ambitions we can ensure that we work on the hot spots in our value chain.

A circular mindset is important and regulations and business models that support this is something that we support wholeheartedly.

The sustainability vision, challenges and possibilities from a supplier perspective

Pelagia processed 1,300,000 tonnes of fish in 2022. The goal is to create value from the entire fish. Divided into our four divisions, Food, Feed, Hordafor and Health, the Pelagia group generated NOK 11.2 billion of revenue in 2022. As one of the largest fish producers in the world, Pelagia has the possibility to influence both human resources and the environment. We will use our responsibility to manage this position in the most sustainable way.

Our Vision

Pelagia’s raw materials are the world's most sustainable marine protein and oil sources. Our landing and handling of these materials must utilise the entire fish to the lowest footprint as possible until the products are handed over to the customer. Our conduct determines how we create value together. To make an impact, Pelagia systematically accentuates our partner’s conduct towards their employees.

Challenges and opportunities

Pelagia's production processes are energy intensive. The same goes for our logistics operations who distribute large volumes both at land and at sea. Today, Pelagia uses fossil fuels and renewable energy. We are in the process of switching our energy sources from fossil to renewable. Several of the alternatives to fossil fuels, especially at sea, are still immature but we also see great opportunities. New energy sources such as burning self-produced bio-oil, electric boilers, high-temperature heat pump technology and zero emissions are examples of measures that Pelagia is now introducing.

Cooperation between private corporations and public sector is important to succeed with increased domestic processing.

United Nations Global Compact

Skretting, through Nutreco, is member of the United Nations Global Compact programme, which supports companies seeking to conduct their business responsibly through the alignment of their strategies and operations with its Ten Principles on human rights, labour, environment and anticorruption. The UN Global Compact also encourages companies to take strategic actions to advance broader societal goals, such as the UN Sustainable Development Goals, with an emphasis on collaboration and innovation.

The UN Global Compact has a Sustainable Ocean Business Action Platform that convenes leading actors from business, academia and government institutions to determine how ocean industries can advance progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The Action Platform has, in consultation with more than 300 stakeholders worldwide, developed the Sustainable Ocean Principles to emphasise the responsibility of businesses to take necessary actions to secure a healthy and productive ocean.

As signatory of these principles, Skretting recognises the urgency and global importance of healthy oceans and a sustainable aquaculture industry and will take action to promote the wellbeing of the ocean for current and future generations. The Sustainable Ocean Principles provide a framework for responsible business practices across ocean sectors and geographies, serving as a common reference point on ocean sustainability. They build upon and supplement the Ten Principles of the UN Global Compact, covering ocean health and productivity, governance and engagement, and data and transparency.

The ocean is vital to the well-being and prosperity of humankind. To achieve the world community’s ambitions as laid out in the Sustainable Development Goals, there is a need to expand our use of the ocean to produce food, energy, raw materials and transportation. Carrying out these activities in a sustainable manner will contribute to reducing global warming and environmental degradation, while also ensuring a healthy ocean that can provide significant opportunities for business and global economic growth.

As described in Sustainable Development Goal 14: Life Below Water, there is an urgent need to protect and restore the health of the ocean, which is rapidly deteriorating due to increasing temperatures, acidification, the depletion of natural resources, and pollution from land and sea. Businesses have a shared responsibility, alongside government and civil society, to take necessary actions to secure a healthy ocean.

Global Roundtable on Marine Ingredients

The Global Roundtable on Marine Ingredients was launched by the Sustainable Fisheries Partnership (SFP) and IFFO – the Marine Ingredients Organisation in 2021. It now gathers 13 value chain representatives and aims at increasing the availability of responsibly sourced marine ingredients and driving environmental and social improvements in fisheries.

Based on a strong coalition of organisations which have embraced collaboration as a powerful means to drive change at a pre-competitive stage, the Global Roundtable has agreed that the focus, to start with, should be on three tangible projects: West Africa, South and Southeast Asia and a global project focusing on analysing the marine ingredients industry’s environmental impacts through a life cycle assessment.

Addressing regional challenges is a long-term ambition which relies not only on the industry’s willingness to benchmark local practices against those assessed against international guidelines, but also on local regulations and regional cooperation on shared fish stocks. Developing a better understanding of regional and local market forces is central to those projects as they will determine which infrastructure could be put in place to ensure food security locally. Entering into dialogue with local stakeholders is another key factor of success. In this respect, Global Roundtable Members believe in the Fisheries Improvement Project model, which, first and foremost, gives priority to a multi-stakeholder approach and demands accountability.


Seafood Business for Ocean Stewardship (SeaBOS) is a science-industry initiative founded in 2016. It consists of ten of the world’s largest seafood companies collaborating with science to implement a joint vision to support more sustainable seafood production and improved ocean health. The initiative connects capture fisheries with feed producers and aquaculture businesses across Asia, Europe, and North America.

Pre-competitive collaboration is at the heart of SeaBOS. Spanning cultural and geographical boundaries, the aim of SeaBOS is to develop science-based solutions to address key challenges and provide leadership, guidance, stewardship, and best practice for others to use.

Working with Nutreco/Skretting and our members to lead a global transformation of the seafood sector is an ambitious task. That is why it is of critical importance that we have committed and engaged members who take action in their own operations and value chains – and who are not afraid to share their lessons learned.

As a founding member of SeaBOS, Nutreco has been leading the SeaBOS task force on Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing and modern slavery from the outset. Over the past five years, SeaBOS has contributed to a number of activities, from accelerating traceability in seafood value chains together with the Global Dialogue on Seafood Traceability, to piloting a project on electronic monitoring on fishing vessels, a project led by Nutreco.

We will continue to work with partners to create transformational change. The importance and value of working together to make the feed industry and seafood value chains more sustainable cannot be overstated. We have come a long way, but there is still important work to be done. Having Nutreco onboard as a committed and pro-active member on this journey is a strength to our collaboration and helps us move forward on our mission for ocean stewardship.

To address IUU fishing and modern slavery risks specifically, SeaBOS has created:

  • A toolkit which companies can tailor to meet their specific needs, outlining policies and guidance procedures to establish a framework to deal with the issues
  • Voluntary procurement actions, which addresses issues ranging from responsible raw materials sourcing and mechanisms to help eliminate forced, bonded and child labor, to protocols for auditing and compliance and advancing traceability.
  • Risk analyses created by SeaBOS scientists mapping key risks for labor abuse and IUU fishing at port, at sea, and associated with transshipment, and with identified key risk drivers.

The objective of this work is to help identify and mitigate risks and strengthen the overall sustainability and labor performance of seafood operations.

Global Salmon Initiative

Aquaculture is the fastest growing food system in the world, and for good reason. Coupling many health benefits associated with consuming seafood, a smaller environmental footprint, and lower greenhouse gas emissions compared with land animals - blue foods – both wild and farmed fish- can be a crucial component in tackling sustainability, health and development challenges across the global food system.

What’s more, demand is likely to continue increasing. The High Level Panel for a Sustainable Ocean Economy found that the ocean has the potential to deliver six times more nutritious and responsible food by 2050 if managed responsibly.

It’s this point of being managed responsibly which is crucial. Like all food systems, growing demand poses both opportunities and challenges for production. For aquaculture to deliver on its potential of providing nutritious and sustainable food, it will require greater transparency, greater ongoing innovation along with thoughtful investments and effective policies. To be successful this requires collaboration on all levels.

The aquaculture sector has proven experience in mobilising responsible production, and many producers thrive in an ecosystem of continuous improvement. So how can we maximise this potential? By working together to improve environmental performance we can make progress faster, and improve how we share our story and build trust in our operations with our stakeholders.

This is how we work in GSI. We use the critical mass of industry to set ambitious goals to motivate accelerated progress, create dedicated expert task forces to share best practices and problem solve on environmental challenges, and provide a framework for members to report transparently against consistent and aligned metrics to show progress being made.

Working collectively across focus areas like improving feed efficiencies, improving fish health and welfare, and lowering carbon emissions, GSI members are adopting best-practices, investing in R&D and technology advancements, and above all enacting sustainability commitments that can make real differences in how we produce healthy, sustainable food.

This year, GSI is reaching our 10-year milestone, and while we have made measurable progress there is still a lot more to be done. The challenges are complex and continually evolving, but if we focus on the data – being transparent, and combining expertise – we have the knowledge to overcome them. Yes, there is the option to work individually, but to see change at the speed and scale the food system requires, working collaboratively is going to give us a better chance of succeeding.

MarinTrust continuing to expand

Standards must continually develop to remain both credible and relevant, and 2022 has been no exception for MarinTrust as we move closer to the 2023 launch of version 3 of the MarinTrust factory standard.

During 2022, this development process saw workshops focusing on by-products and social criteria, two key areas for enhancement in v3, followed by extensive trials and pilots in the field. Having the MarinTrust programme, with its three key components (the factory standard, the chain of custody standard, and the Improver Proagramme) embedded in Skretting’s sourcing policy is central to MarinTrust’s recognition throughout the value chain and, as a stakeholder, Skretting has contributed to this development process to help balance market needs with accessibility.

During 2022 the MarinTrust Programme continued to expand, with 21 new sites achieving the factory standard, taking the total to 165 globally, 17 new Chain of Custody certificate holders, taking the total to 86, and 10 new accepted Improver programme sites. All these contribute to our strategic objective to have 75% of all marine ingredients produced globally either fully certified, in assessment, in application, or accepted on to our Improver Programme by 2025, increasing the provision of responsibly sourced marine ingredients for aqua feed.

One of the main contributors to this has been our Improver Programme and in 2022, for the first time ever, a fishery and its associated fish meal and fish oil production sites gained certification following their journey on the MarinTrust Improver Programme with the Panamanian f ish meal and fish oil production plants. The sourcing from the Panama small pelagics fishery demonstrated full compliance, and just gained MarinTrust certification after significant assessed and peer reviewed improvements.

These successes can only be achieved through collaborative efforts involving industry and government and the aquafeed value chain is pivotal in helping support and drive these improvements.

Best Aquaculture Practices (BAP) - Human development, seafood and aquafeed

When it comes to investing in human development and wellbeing, three areas have been identified as giving the most bang for your buck: vaccination, contraception, and nutrition – areas that are of fundamental importance because they underpin healthy, productive lives and female empowerment. Thus, when it comes to considering positive impact, it’s clearly through nutrition that the seafood and aquafeed industries have their biggest roles to play. Indeed, the vision of my own organization, Global Seafood Alliance (GSA), is ‘a world that embraces the role of responsible seafood in meeting global nutrition needs.’

And if seafood production is to expand, it can only do so on the back of an expanding and sustainable aquafeed industry. To ensure progress towards this end, I urge the aquafeed industry to prioritise:

  1. Supporting efforts to control negative impacts of aquafeed ingredient production. This may involve staying engaged with, rather than retreating from, some controversial industries so that they can be steadily improved.
  2. Maintaining support for the responsible management of marine resources for example, through certification programs like MarinTrust and through engagement in fishery improvement projects (FIPs) especially in areas such as West Africa where weak management is reducing fishery yields and impacting local communities.
  3. Taking the lead in supporting responsible, certified, DCF (deforestation and conversion-free) sourcing of terrestrial crop ingredients and, on the basis that ‘what gets measured gets managed’, support efforts to identify and measure carbon footprints and other impacts in general so that progress towards low impact feeds can be made. Aquafeed can lead the way here and show other animal feed sectors how to align supply chain forces to deliver positive change.
  4. Supporting 3rd party certification of feed mills and new initiatives such as GSA’s Vanguard Standard for Ingredient Sourcing and Climate Action.
  5. Challenging popular misconceptions. Few people understand that the main negative impacts of aquaculture, as shown by life cycle analysis, occur on the land not the water and are often due to crop production for aquafeed ingredients. Aquaculture should be defended against critics whose objections amount to victimising fish farms simply because they are the highly visible ‘new kids on the block’ among well-established food systems.

It is encouraging to observe a consumer trend towards diets with lower impacts. The aquafeed industry can support this trend and ensure that seafood production expands responsibly, to the benefit of world nutrition, sustainable food systems and climate action.

Robust sustainability frameworks to generate resilient ocean environments and businesses

The Marine Stewardship Council welcomes Skretting’s sustainability targets and commitments, and applauds the integration of sustainability goals as core elements of your business.

The feed industry plays a crucial role connecting ocean health, fishing and processing activities with the development of important seafood sectors such as aquaculture, among others. It is therefore a fundamental tenet of this sector to operate within robust sustainability frameworks to generate resilient ocean environments and businesses.

The targeting of small pelagic low trophic species, which often play key ecological roles in their ecosystems, and which are heavily impacted by climate change, makes the feed industry highly dependent on best available science. Thus, collaboration and investment on research and highly efficient fisheries management is fundamental for the successful performance of companies in this sector.

This cannot be achieved without strong partnerships within supply chains and in the pre-competitive space with other companies and organisations. Our challenges are global and solutions need a global approach too. For that purpose, MSC seeks to contribute to all possible solutions that enhance ocean health for this and future generations.

Based on the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries and recognised as an indicator in the United Nations’ Global Biodiversity Framework, with scientific evidence and independent third-party assessments at our core, the MSC certification program provides the highest level of assurance to support progress towards environmental sustainability in an operational, efficient, and transparent manner.

MSC is a tool and works with engaged partners to achieve ends we all share. Leading companies like Skretting are crucial to generate real impacts and to achieve common sustainability goals. To that end, MSC encourages Skretting, and all other actors of the feed industry, to enhance the application of measurable targets, to proactively pursue their compliance, to engage in improvement projects to facilitate the transition to sustainable fisheries and management everywhere, and to strengthen the partnerships with credible science-based assurance systems, such as MSC, to help deliver impacts on the water, transparent accountability and resilient businesses.

ProTerra - sectorial challenges

The links between raw material production and deforestation, use of agrochemicals and infringements of indigenous peoples’ rights have been well publicised. The legal frameworks within producing countries vary, with some land and indigenous communities being protected by national legislation, while other legislation allows expansion into primary forest and grassland.

Many commodities are also being targeted by new legislations, particularly in Europe, the UK and the USA, where the plan for new due diligence legislation has received intense discussions. These kinds of due diligence frameworks put the onus on downstream users of regulated raw materials to prove their supply chains are free of exploitation, and are not contributing to deforestation and land conversion (whether illegal or legal in the producing country).

No single mechanism in isolation can solve problems as complex as those posed within the raw material supply chains. Instead, a combination of direct supply chain approaches and whole system initiatives are needed. Certification forms a key part of this suite of mechanisms, addressing different challenges, and being an enabler to some of the other mechanisms. For example, certification goes beyond the minimum requirements for the actors within the system, as defined by national legislation.

Also, the transparency it can grant within the supply chain enables companies to identify the origins of their raw materials, and therefore where they may wish to invest in landscape-based initiatives.

The need for greater transparency

Transparency within the supply chains remains a significant blocker to organisations being able to gain a full understanding of their own potential impact.

For many companies, not even continent level traceability is currently available. The flow of this information often stops at the points in the supply chain where mixing of different batches tends to take place. Without this view of risk exposure within their supply chains, companies lack certainty as to how responsible their supply chain is, and are unable to make informed decisions on how they can best apply pressure or funnel incentives to influence the system.

The role that certification plays

Every business has a role to play in ensuring environmentally and socially responsible supply chains develop sustainably. Whilst other pathways towards a more sustainable system focus on wider industry transformation, certification is the main direct approach for a company to address the responsibility of the raw materials currently within their supply chain.

Sustainability certification standards/management programmes contribute to minimising nature loss and maintaining/improving the quality of the land used. As such, chain of custody sustainability standards also enable companies to make externally auditable claims on the origin of their raw materials, and how responsible their supply chain is.

By providing a mechanism for information and evidence to flow down the value chain, chain of custody certification fills an essential gap in current due diligence processes within the sector. By defining terms that can vary hugely across the industry and creating a reference point for what good looks like, certification schemes also give the industry something to align behind, even if the certification itself is not adopted. This is particularly true for the definition of deforestation and land conversion, which varies considerably across the industry, and can have a profound effect on reporting and baselining.

For an end user company, sustainably certified raw materials within the supply chain brings:

  • A standard of environmentally and ethically responsible raw materials within the supply chain which goes above the minimum requirements laid out by national legislation
  • Greater certainty for the business when making public claims, with traceability of materials back through the value chain which has been verified by external auditors
  • Contributory evidence to demonstrate due diligence has been undertaken within their own supply chain to meet emerging due diligence requirements
  • Increased knowledge of the origins of the material within their direct supply chain
  • A clear reference for what is expected from suppliers, defining what they see as sustainable

The ProTerra standard only certifies producers who meet requirements to address a spectrum of environmental and social issues, including deforestation and land conversion, biodiversity, farming practices (including bans on use of harmful pesticides and GMO crops), labour practices, and FPIC. In addition, ProTerra only operates physical chain of custody schemes.

Tackling difficult feed challenges through ASC certification

Seafood can only be farmed responsibly if the ‘upstream’ potential negative environmental and social impacts associated with the manufacturing of aquafeed and its raw materials are monitored, reduced or prevented. This is a challenge for all feed companies and, through its responsible sourcing policy, Skretting has committed to improving its own practices, whilst acknowledging in this report that there is still much to be done.

Transparent certification offers a credible and accountable way of recognising and rewarding responsible practices. The ASC Feed Standard takes the ASC’s approach to responsible aquaculture at farm level and extends it to the feed mills that manufacture aquafeed. It covers legal, social, and environmental requirements for both the feed mill’s own operations and for the suppliers of ingredients used in their feed production.

Feed companies must work with their suppliers to conduct due diligence into the production of their raw materials.

When considering deforestation risks for soy and palm, 30% of tropical deforestation due to agricultural conversion is considered legal, according to the laws of the country of production. For crops grown in non-tropical areas such as wheat and corn, the main problem is usually ecosystem/land conversion rather than deforestation – for instance, grasslands rather than forests being converted into agriculture fields.

ASC requires feed mills to ensure their nodeforestation commitments are applied across all major plant ingredients and that their implementation is part of a more comprehensive no-land conversion approach.

Forced and child labour are critical issues to address in supply chains, but are particularly difficult to mitigate, address and monitor within fisheries.

Among the many and comprehensive social requirements of the ASC Feed Standard, feed mills must ask probing questions of their marine ingredient suppliers to convey the need for better policies and checks regarding human rights abuses on board fishing vessels.

The ASC Feed Standard offers a standardised approach to supply chain risk assessment, as well as requiring greater transparency and accountability through public reporting. By working towards ASC certification, Skretting is demonstrating its commitment to holistically addressing its more challenging environmental and social impacts.

Next: Transparency & trust

Transparent supply chains can drive more responsible practices and concerted efforts for the sustainable development of aquaculture. They also enable consumers to access the information they need to trust their seafood.

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